Panama (i/ˈpænəmɑː/PAN-ə-mah; Spanish:Panamá[panaˈma]), officially called the Republic of Panama (Spanish:República de Panamá), is a country in Central America situated between North and South America. It is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half of the country's 3.9 million people.
Panama was inhabited by several indigenous tribes prior to settlement by the Spanish in the 16th century. Panama broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Nueva Granada, Ecuador, and Venezuela named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada remained joined, eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the total transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the 20th century, which culminated on 31 December 1999.
A general distinction can be made between (a) civil lawjurisdictions (including Catholic canon law and socialist law), in which the legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates their laws, and (b) common law systems, where judge-made precedent is accepted as binding law. Historically, religious laws played a significant role even in settling of secular matters, which is still the case in some religious communities, particularly Jewish, and some countries, particularly Islamic. Islamic Sharia law is the world's most widely used religious law.
Greekkanon / Ancient Greek: κανών,Arabic Qanun / قانون, Hebrew kaneh / קנה, "straight"; a rule, code, standard, or measure; the root meaning in all these languages is "reed" (cf. the Romance-language ancestors of the English word "cane").
Canons of the Apostles
The Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons of the Same Holy Apostles is a collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees (eighty-five in the Eastern, fifty in the Western Church) concerning the government and discipline of the Early Christian Church, incorporated with the Apostolic Constitutions which are part of the Ante-Nicene Fathers
In the fourth century the First Council of Nicaea (325) calls canons the disciplinary measures of the Church: the term canon, κανὠν, means in Greek, a rule. There is a very early distinction between the rules enacted by the Church and the legislative measures taken by the State called leges, Latin for laws.
The outlet had exposed that alleged money laundering in its 2016-17 reporting based on the PanamaPapers, leaked documents from a Panamanian law firm, which prompted authorities’ investigations into those companies and the candidate ... “They are asking for something that does not belong to us,” Castilla said ... ....
The Panamanian flag flies over 16 percent of the world maritime fleet in terms of gross tonnage, according to Clarksons Research. The Panamanian Registry has 53 consular offices and 14 international technical offices (SEGUMAR) giving support to its fleet worldwide; these offices are operational 24/7.
Give a man a gun and he can rob a bank. Give a man a bank and he can rob the whole world ... In 2017 the Prime Minister of Iceland faced calls to resign after being named in an enormous leak of documents showing how offshore shell companies and tax shelters were being used to secret funds by a Panamanian law firm.Step up Blockchain ... ....
The starting point of this explanation would be the weakness of the Panamanian rule of law, which would be reflected in the patronage character of an obese public administration, irremediably inefficient, with an irresistible propensity for influence peddling and corruption.
It also changed the origin of the company from "Panamanian" to "Russian" ... The company was registered in the name of Panamanian national VernonEmmanuel Salazar Zurita ... Following the the Panama leaks, it emerged that his law firm Quijano y Asociados, had created 15,000 companies.
The PanamanianNational Assembly on March 3 approved Bill120, which would reform the country’s adoption system ...La Prensa, a Panamanian newspaper, notes Article 26 of the bill would allow joint adoptions “when the people are spouses or in a common law marriage and are of different sex.”.
The proposed law would put Panama out of step with advances in the region. The bill also flies in the face of the Panamanian government’s recent statement on the rights of LGBT people ... Panamanian law does not exclude an individual who is lesbian, gay, or bisexual from adopting a child as a single parent and raising them with their partner.
This includes joint-operations with the Dominican Republic navy, and Panamanian law enforcement officers, which further strengthened foreign partnerships and to detect, deter, and interdict vessels engaged in illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing within the Exclusive Economic Zone of Panama.
He called on Indonesia to conduct an investigation “fairly and in accordance with the law.”.Indonesian authorities said Sunday one Iranian and one Panamanian tanker had been seized for what the government said was ‘illegal’ transfer of oil in Indonesia’s waters ... Indonesia seizes Iranian, Panamanian oil tankers over alleged illegal oil transfer ... .