Panama (i/ˈpænəmɑː/PAN-ə-mah; Spanish:Panamá[panaˈma]), officially called the Republic of Panama (Spanish:República de Panamá), is a country in Central America situated between North and South America. It is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half of the country's 3.9 million people.
Panama was inhabited by several indigenous tribes prior to settlement by the Spanish in the 16th century. Panama broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Nueva Granada, Ecuador, and Venezuela named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada remained joined, eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the total transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the 20th century, which culminated on 31 December 1999.
A general distinction can be made between (a) civil lawjurisdictions (including Catholic canon law and socialist law), in which the legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates their laws, and (b) common law systems, where judge-made precedent is accepted as binding law. Historically, religious laws played a significant role even in settling of secular matters, which is still the case in some religious communities, particularly Jewish, and some countries, particularly Islamic. Islamic Sharia law is the world's most widely used religious law.
Greekkanon / Ancient Greek: κανών,Arabic Qanun / قانون, Hebrew kaneh / קנה, "straight"; a rule, code, standard, or measure; the root meaning in all these languages is "reed" (cf. the Romance-language ancestors of the English word "cane").
Canons of the Apostles
The Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons of the Same Holy Apostles is a collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees (eighty-five in the Eastern, fifty in the Western Church) concerning the government and discipline of the Early Christian Church, incorporated with the Apostolic Constitutions which are part of the Ante-Nicene Fathers
In the fourth century the First Council of Nicaea (325) calls canons the disciplinary measures of the Church: the term canon, κανὠν, means in Greek, a rule. There is a very early distinction between the rules enacted by the Church and the legislative measures taken by the State called leges, Latin for laws.
This includes joint-operations with the Dominican Republic navy, and Panamanian law enforcement officers, which further strengthened foreign partnerships and to detect, deter, and interdict vessels engaged in illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing within the Exclusive Economic Zone of Panama.
He called on Indonesia to conduct an investigation “fairly and in accordance with the law.”.Indonesian authorities said Sunday one Iranian and one Panamanian tanker had been seized for what the government said was ‘illegal’ transfer of oil in Indonesia’s waters ... Indonesia seizes Iranian, Panamanian oil tankers over alleged illegal oil transfer ... .
The only official document regarding any sister zoo program, Mr ... The Panama project, Mr ... Mr ... Not only did they build the center, he said, but on April 10, 2002, the group convinced the PanamanianCongress to pass a law officially designating the harpy eagle as the national bird of Panama ... Zoo Miami misses visitor target, hunts new strategiesFYI Miami ... .
The former allegation was largely bogus; the latter was the biggest blunder of Giuliani’s law enforcement career ... He shares the caution and suspiciousness of the law enforcement fraternity ... Wasn’t his new law firm, White & Case, representing the government of Noriega, the Panamanian dictator/drug dealer? Of course it was a nonissue.
In 2016, a massive leak of 11.5 million documents from the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca exposed a global network of offshore shell companies, many of which were used for money laundering, tax evasion, fraud, and even sanctions evasion ...Beyond the impacts for law ...
When is a secret no longer a secret? You might say, when everyone knows about it. But recent headlines suggest that is not the right answer ... How did they not know? Answer. Everyone knew! ... A U.S ... “John Doe,” an anonymous whistleblower, leaked more than 11 million documents from a Panamanian law firm that specialized in hiding money for the ultrawealthy ... .