Panama (i/ˈpænəmɑː/PAN-ə-mah; Spanish:Panamá[panaˈma]), officially called the Republic of Panama (Spanish:República de Panamá), is a country in Central America situated between North and South America. It is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half of the country's 3.9 million people.
Panama was inhabited by several indigenous tribes prior to settlement by the Spanish in the 16th century. Panama broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Nueva Granada, Ecuador, and Venezuela named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada remained joined, eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the total transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the 20th century, which culminated on 31 December 1999.
A general distinction can be made between (a) civil lawjurisdictions (including Catholic canon law and socialist law), in which the legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates their laws, and (b) common law systems, where judge-made precedent is accepted as binding law. Historically, religious laws played a significant role even in settling of secular matters, which is still the case in some religious communities, particularly Jewish, and some countries, particularly Islamic. Islamic Sharia law is the world's most widely used religious law.
Greekkanon / Ancient Greek: κανών,Arabic Qanun / قانون, Hebrew kaneh / קנה, "straight"; a rule, code, standard, or measure; the root meaning in all these languages is "reed" (cf. the Romance-language ancestors of the English word "cane").
Canons of the Apostles
The Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons of the Same Holy Apostles is a collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees (eighty-five in the Eastern, fifty in the Western Church) concerning the government and discipline of the Early Christian Church, incorporated with the Apostolic Constitutions which are part of the Ante-Nicene Fathers
In the fourth century the First Council of Nicaea (325) calls canons the disciplinary measures of the Church: the term canon, κανὠν, means in Greek, a rule. There is a very early distinction between the rules enacted by the Church and the legislative measures taken by the State called leges, Latin for laws.
Cardoen’s very public legal problems didn’t prevent Arias, Fàbrega & Fàbrega, a prominent Panamanian law firm and offshore service provider, from representing his offshore companies for years after Interpol issued the red notice, leaked documents show ... Under Panamanian law, assets ...
Torrijos noted that prevailing law in Panama...Panamanian law establishes “possible fines of between $50,000 and $300,000” for failures to abide by the proper procedures, and authorities will impose the fine within “30 to 80 days,” the ARAP director said.
According to Rachel Williams, she’s not as bad as “Inventing Anna” made her out to be. Rachel Williams filed a lawsuit against Netflix on Aug ... This isn’t always the case. In October 2019, Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca filed a suit against Netflix for sensationalizing events in The Laundromat, a film based on real events ... .
“The company might be owned by a Cayman or Panamanian law firm, for example, which holds legal ownership of many properties on behalf of wealthy clients. In this scenario the names on the register would likely be the partners in the law firm, or perhaps no one at all.
PANAMACITY - A Panamanian court dealing with ... The investigation, which began in 2016, focused on whether the Panamanian law firm, dedicated to the creation of corporations for allegedly moving illegal funds, had taken part in the Brazilian scandal commonly called "Lava Jato".
The high-rises and glass towers of Panama City gleam in the sunlight ... "We want to show the needs of our peoples." ... More than half of Panamanian territory is covered by rainforest ... Although the Panamanian government has strengthened environmental laws over the last 20 years, deforestation remains a concern for indigenous peoples ... Top Stories ... .
Crypto Law approved in third debate! This will help Panama become a hub of innovation and technology in Latin America! ...The new legislation will also allow Panamanians to use cryptocurrencies as a mode of payment for any civil or commercial operation not prohibited by law in the country.
The decision came a week after the bill passed its second round of deliberations by the PanamanianLegislative Assembly’s economic affairs committee on April 22 ... In an unprecedented move, the Panamanian crypto law will also officially recognize DAOs as legal corporations.
The proposed law includes ... One of the most important proposals of the law project has to do with the inclusion of a blockchain-based identification project that seeks to digitize this duty of the Panamanian state. This objective is defined in the law as follows.